Opioid Addiction | Opioids In Ohio
- Definition Of Opioid Addiction
- Effects Of Opioid Addiction
- Signs Of Opioid Addiction
- Risk Factors Of Opioid Addiction
- Opioid Addiction Treatment In Ohio
While the ongoing opioid epidemic continues to affect Ohioans, opioid addiction treatment options are available in Ohio.
Opioid addiction is a serious mental health condition defined by an inability to stop taking opioid drugs, despite ongoing health effects. It may also be called opioid use disorder by addiction medicine professionals.
Opioid addiction can outweigh the short-term effects of chronic pain relief. In the long-term, it can lead to health effects such as respiratory depression, gastrointestinal issues, cardiovascular failure, and a decline in mental health. Some of these effects may be visible to others.
In 2021, 3 million United States citizens met the criteria for a past or present opioid use disorder (OUD). While the ongoing opioid epidemic continues to affect millions of Americans, evidence-based treatment and counseling can help patients overcome OUD.
Definition Of Opioid Addiction
Opioid addiction is a mental health disorder defined by an inability to stop taking opioids. The term opioid use disorder, used in place of opioid addiction, may encompass physical dependence and withdrawal symptoms as well as addiction, as opposed to only the mental health aspect of addiction.
Opioids are potent substances that have seen heavy use in the United States for decades.
Hydrocodone, oxycodone, codeine, and fentanyl are some examples of opioid painkillers approved as prescription drugs. Prescription opioids can cause severe tolerance and dependency by changing how opioid receptors work in your brain.
A person suffering from an opioid use disorder may be aware that opioids are detrimental to their health. However, this awareness may not outweigh the opioid cravings they experience, or the pleasant effects that result from opioid abuse.
Effects Of Opioid Addiction
Long-term opioid use has been linked to several long-term health effects. These effects vary widely and may affect many different bodily systems, and can include:
- weakened immune system
- weakened bone structure
- major depression
- cardiovascular failure
- sleep apnea
- bowel obstruction
Taking opioids can also cause short-term side effects, such as drowsiness, constipation, and impairment. You may experience these side effects every time you take opioids.
Learn more about the Side Effects Of Opioid Use
Opioid Overdose In Ohio
Opioid addiction can be a risk factor for opioid overdose, as higher doses of opioids may be ingested on a regular basis. Opioid overdose can be life-threatening without proper treatment, as it can cause hypotension, slowed heart rate, and slowed or stopped breathing.
Naloxone may be given to drug overdose victims who ingested opioids. Naloxone binds to the same receptors as opioid drugs, and can reverse the life-threatening effects of an overdose. Naloxone may be given by civilians without intensive medical training.
After a patient successfully recovers from an opioid overdose, they may be recommended for long-term treatment.
Signs Of Opioid Addiction
Addiction can cause a person to prioritize drug use over other essential aspects of their daily life. Over time, it can become difficult for a person to hide a drug addiction.
Signs of an opioid addiction in a family member or loved one may include:
- prioritizing opioid use over important activities, such as working or attending school
- a need for increased opioid dosage
- changes in social circles
- declining physical and mental health
- presence of drug paraphernalia
- displaying opioid withdrawal symptoms
These signs may mean that a person close to you is struggling with a substance use disorder, and may benefit from an intervention and professional help.
Risk Factors Of Opioid Addiction
Some demographics may be at a higher risk of opioid use disorders than others. An opioid dosage that may be safe for one person can be habit-forming for another.
Patients with a history of substance abuse may be more likely to abuse opioids as well. Patients with preexisting mental health conditions, such as depression or a history of trauma, may also seek the analgesic and numbing effects of opioid medications.
Other risk factors include a poor socioeconomic standing and taking drugs from a young age. Patients may inform their doctor of their medical and personal history before an opioid prescribing schedule begins.
Opioid Addiction Treatment Options In Ohio
Opioid addiction and overdose deaths continue to be a concern in the United States, prompting research into long-term opioid addiction treatment.
In 2022, there are evidence-based opioid treatment programs you can be referred to through your healthcare provider, or through online resources.
Opioid addiction treatment programs may begin with a detoxification, or detox, where opiates are flushed out of your system. You may receive medical supervision at a treatment center during the detox process, as you may need withdrawal management and pain relief services.
After a successful detox, you may be recommended for medication-assisted treatment, or MAT.
MAT is an evidence-based treatment that may use methadone and buprenorphine to reduce opioid cravings. These medications may be given under supervision and have comparatively low abuse potentials.
Other Treatment Services
Other treatment options may involve behavioral therapy, referrals to support groups, and aftercare planning.
To find out if our residential opioid treatment program works for you or a loved one, please contact us today.
Ohio Recovery Center Editorial Team
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This page does not provide medical advice.