List Of Opioids | Brand Names & Street Names
Opioid drugs are painkillers made from the opium poppy plant. There are three main types: natural opioids (also called opiates), semi-synthetic opioids, and synthetic opioids.
All opioids provide pain relief by attaching to opioid receptors throughout the body. Common side effects of opioids include nausea, drowsiness, and constipation. The drugs also pose a high risk of addiction, especially if you abuse them.
Prescription opioids are prescribed under various brand names. They’re also sold on the street under various street names, along with the illegal opioid heroin.
Buprenorphine is a semi-synthetic opioid. It’s also classified as an opioid partial agonist. That means it produces milder effects than most other opioid medications. It’s often prescribed to treat withdrawal symptoms and cravings in people who are trying to quit more powerful opioids.
- Bunavail (buprenorphine and the opioid antagonist naloxone)
- Suboxone (buprenorphine and naloxone)
- Zubsolv (buprenorphine and naloxone)
- Big Whites
- Small Whites
Carfentanil is a synthetic opioid. It’s considered the strongest opioid, being 10,000 times stronger than morphine and 100 times stronger than fentanyl. Because it’s so powerful, it’s never prescribed for humans. Instead, veterinarians use it to sedate elephants and other large animals.
- China Girl
- China White
- Drop Dead
- Gray Death
- Serial Killer
Codeine is a natural opioid that often appears in cough and cold medications.
- Airacof (codeine, diphenhydramine, and phenylephrine)
- Antituss AC (codeine and guaifenesin)
- Brontex (codeine and guaifenesin)
- Bron-Tuss (codeine and guaifenesin)
- Cheratussin (codeine and guaifenesin)
- Halotussin AC (codeine and guaifenesin)
- Robitussin AC (codeine and guaifenesin)
- Tylenol with Codeine (codeine and acetaminophen)
- Vanacof (codeine, dexchlorpheniramine, and phenylephrine)
- Captain Cody
- Little C
In addition, codeine cough syrup mixed with soda is often called lean, purple drank, sizzurp, or Texas tea.
- China Girl
- China Town
- China White
- Dance Fever
- Great Bear
- Tango & Cash
Heroin is a semi-synthetic opioid made from morphine. Unlike other opioids, it’s not available by prescription.
- Black Tar
Hydrocodone is a semi-synthetic opioid used to treat moderate to moderately severe pain. It’s often combined with the pain reliever and fever reducer acetaminophen.
- Lorcet (hydrocodone and acetaminophen)
- Lortab (hydrocodone and acetaminophen)
- Norco (hydrocodone and acetaminophen)
- Vicodin (hydrocodone and acetaminophen)
- Zohydro (ER)
Hydromorphone is a semi-synthetic opioid used to treat severe pain.
Meperidine is a synthetic opioid used to treat moderate to severe pain.
Methadone is a synthetic opioid that’s used to treat moderate to severe pain. Also, like buprenorphine, it’s often prescribed to treat withdrawal symptoms and cravings in people quitting other opioids.
- Chocolate Chip Cookies
Morphine is a natural opioid that’s prescribed to treat moderate to severe pain.
- Arymo ER
- MS Contin
- God’s Drug
- Miss Emma
- White Stuff
Oxycodone is a semi-synthetic opioid prescribed to treat moderate to severe pain.
- Targiniq ER (oxycodone and naloxone)
- Hillbilly Heroin
Oxymorphone is a semi-synthetic opioid prescribed to treat severe pain.
- Blue Heaven
- Mrs. O
- O Bomb
- Stop Signs
Tramadol is a synthetic opioid that’s used to treat moderate to severe pain.
- Ultram ER
- Chill Pills
Opioid Abuse & Addiction
Along with easing pain, opioids can also cause relaxation and euphoria (intense joy). That’s why some people abuse them. Opioid abuse occurs when you use an opioid in a manner not recommended by a prescribing physician.
For example, you might take the drug more often, take higher doses than prescribed, or take it without a prescription.
Opioid abuse often leads to opioid addiction (also called opioid use disorder). This disease makes you feel unable to control your opioid use. Other symptoms include:
- tolerance (needing increasingly larger or more frequent doses of a drug to feel the desired effects)
- physical dependence (experiencing withdrawal symptoms, such as nausea and anxiety, when you don’t use opioids)
- loss of interest in activities once enjoyed
- avoidance of friends and family members
People who struggle with opioid abuse or addiction should seek help at a substance abuse treatment center.
To learn about treatment options, please contact Ohio Recovery Center. Our compassionate healthcare providers offer personalized, evidence-based treatments to help you or your loved one stay drug-free.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention — Fentanyl Facts https://www.cdc.gov/stopoverdose/fentanyl/index.html
- National Institutes of Health — Street & Commercial Names https://www.nihlibrary.nih.gov/resources/subject-guides/opioids/street-commercial-names
- United States National Library of Medicine — Opioid Misuse and Addiction https://medlineplus.gov/opioidmisuseandaddiction.html