Meth Side Effects | Short & Long Term Effects Of Meth Abuse
Crystal meth is a highly addictive substance that causes severe and bizarre effects on dental health and overall appearance, cardiovascular health, mental health, and personal behavior.
Methamphetamine is classified as a Schedule II controlled substance and a pharmaceutical version of the drug is occasionally used to manage treatment-resistant forms of ADHD (attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder) and other conditions.
However, even low, controlled doses of pharmaceutically pure methamphetamine can cause considerable potential side-effects. And the short-term and long-term effects of street crystal meth are greater, more unusual, and likely more damaging.
Side Effects Of Pharmaceutical Methamphetamine
Methamphetamine is a powerful and long-acting central nervous system (CNS) stimulant drug that works by boosting dopamine activity in the brain.
In those with ADHD and other medical conditions, stimulant drugs like mixed amphetamines (Adderall), methylphenidate (Ritalin, Concerta), and methamphetamine (Desoxyn) can normalize brain activity, increasing attention and decreasing restlessness, distraction, and impulsivity.
However, medical authorities caution that medical methamphetamine use can cause health risks that may include:
- serious heart or blood vessel problems, especially in those with a family history of heart disease
- behavioral changes like hostility, agitation, irritability, or suicidal thinking or behavior
- hallucinations, or hearing, seeing, or feeling things that are not there
- physical dependence and withdrawal symptoms
- euphoria, dizziness, lightheadedness, blurred vision, or reduced alertness
- slowed growth and development in children, which is reversible if the medication is discontinued for a period of time
- Raynaud’s phenomenon: a condition impacting blood circulation in the fingers and toes
Short-Term Side Effects Of Meth Abuse
The first time a person uses crystal meth, it’s often described as making them feel invincible, energized, and unstoppable. However, the effects of meth don’t stop at euphoria and feelings of well-being.
In the hours after the drug is consumed, the effects of crystal meth can also include:
- decreased appetite
- aggressive or violent behavior and mood swings
- increased libido
- excessive talkativeness
- elevated heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature, and breathing
- mental programing and urges to use methamphetamine again in the future
While most overdose deaths in the United State stem from opioid narcotics like heroin and fentanyl, a large minority of overdose deaths are related to stimulant substance abuse and meth abuse in particular.
Methamphetamine’s effects are potent enough that they can simply overwhelm the body’s natural internal balance, leading to severe mental and physical consequences that may include:
- severe chest or stomach pains
- heart attack
- irregular heartbeats
- difficulty breathing or respiratory collapse
- kidney damage or failure
- severe paranoia or psychosis
If you suspect a meth overdose has occurred, immediately contact your local emergency medical services.
Long-Term Effects Of Methamphetamine Addiction
Because of its effects on the human brain, methamphetamine is deeply addictive, with even a single exposure to the drug likely triggering the rapid development of meth addiction and severe mental, physical, and social decline.
Some of these risks relate to the specific method of administration used to take the drug, while others are linked to the overarching effects of methamphetamine and its contaminants on the body as a whole.
- damaged blood vessels
- skin sores, scars, and infections at injection sites
- bacteremia, a potentially fatal condition where bacteria enter the bloodstream
- endocarditis, a potentially fatal infection of the heart valves
- tetanus, another potentially fatal condition that can also cause lockjaw and muscle spasms
- necrotizing fasciitis, also known as flesh-eating disease, an infection that swiftly degrades the flesh around injection wounds and can also be fatal
- hepatitis, a damaging infection of the liver
Snorting meth brings methamphetamine into the body and bloodstream through the soft tissues of the nasal cavity. However, snorting meth long-term can also lead to:
- runny nose, nosebleeds, and other chronic sinus issues
- nasal sores and infections
- problems swallowing and breathing
- septum or palatal perforation: gaps formed in the tissue between the nostrils or in the top of the mouth
When smoked, methamphetamine rapidly passes into the bloodstream through the lungs, leading to long-term issues that can include:
- increased pressure in the blood vessels of the lungs
- lung injury
- lung cancer
- breathing issues
- acute respiratory failure
Other Long-Term Side-Effects
Regardless of how it’s used, street methamphetamine can do profound damage to any person’s life, frequently causing severe physical and mental harms that may include:
- addiction and drug-seeking behavior
- intense drug cravings
- depression, anxiety, confusion, memory loss, and decision-making problems
- symptoms of psychosis including paranoia, delusions, and hallucinations
- increased risk of cancer
- unhealthy weight loss, chronic illness, and premature aging due to toxin exposure, lack of sleep, poor nutrition, and poor self-care
- meth mouth, or severe dental health problems stemming from dry mouth and impaired oral self-care
- severe and lasting cardiovascular issues impacting the heart, lungs, and blood vessels
- skin picking, open sores, and other forms of self-injury
- severe physical dependence and prolonged meth withdrawal symptoms
If you or a loved one struggle with a substance use disorder, we can help. Please reach out today to learn about our personalized meth addiction treatment programs, which include detox, behavioral therapy, and ongoing aftercare.
- Mayo Clinic — Methamphetamine (Oral Route) Precautions https://www.mayoclinic.org/drugs-supplements/methamphetamine-oral-route/precautions/drg-20071824
- National Harm Reduction Coalition — Potential Health Complications of Injection Drug Use https://harmreduction.org/issues/safer-drug-use/injection-safety-manual/potential-health-injections/#:~:text=There%20are%20numerous%20and%20potentially,overdoses%20and%20other%20medical%20emergencies.
- National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) — What are the immediate (short-term) effects of methamphetamine misuse? https://nida.nih.gov/publications/research-reports/methamphetamine/what-are-immediate-short-term-effects-methamphetamine-misuse
- National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) — What are the long-term effects of methamphetamine misuse? https://nida.nih.gov/publications/research-reports/methamphetamine/what-are-long-term-effects-methamphetamine-misuse
- Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) — Know the Risks of Meth https://www.samhsa.gov/meth